Social Exclusion and the Brain: Neural and ...

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Social Exclusion and the Brain: Neural and Motivational Responses to Social Ostracism

Name:Personal
Radakovich, Maurissa
Role :Text(marcrelator)
creator

Name:Personal
Schwab, Nicholas
Role :Text(marcrelator)
contributor

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still image
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Origin Information Place
Laramie, Wyoming

University of Wyoming
(keyDate="yes")
2009-05-15

Language:Text
eng

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born digtal

abstract
Belonging appears to be a fundamental human need and motivation (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Because the need to belong is so strongly associated with our psychological and physical health, it has been theorized that threats to our social belonging result in specific negative psychological and neural responses and an increased motivation to reassert our belonging within the group (MacDonald & Leary, 2005; Williams, 2008). However, the degree to which our relationship information is activated may affect the degree to which our belonging needs are threatened. Davidson’s (1995) model of prefrontal cortex (PFC) functioning may provide a useful model for neural and behavioral responses to social exclusion. Davidson’s model suggests that the PFC is responsible for initiating fundamental motivational processes, with the left PFC initiating approachtype motivations and the right PFC initiating withdrawal-type motivations. The current study investigated the neural activity in the PFC using electroencephalography (EEG) after social exclusion when relationship cognitions were activated or not. We found that participants showed less neural approach response (left PFC activation) following social ostracism when their relationship cognitions were activated suggesting that having chronically or state activated relationship cognitions may help protect individuals from the negativity of social ostracism.
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From - Undergraduate Research Day 2009 - Celebration of Research - Abstracts
Subject
social exclusion

Subject
prefrontal cortex functioning

Related Item:series Title Information
Undergrauate Research Day 2009

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http://digital.uwyo.edu/copyright.htm
Record Information languageOfCataloging :Text(ISO639-2B)
English
:Code(ISO639-2B)
eng